The Environmental Technology Research Centre (ETRC) focuses on environmental related researches and technologies. Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) are technologies that have the potential for significantly improved environmental performance relative to other technologies. ESTs protect the environment, are less polluting, use resources in a sustainable manner, recycle more of their wastes and products, and handle all residual wastes in a more environmentally acceptable way than the technologies for which they are substitutes. Environmental management employs life cycle thinking approach in finding practical ways for saving water, energy, and materials, and reducing negative environmental impacts of a product or services. Generally, our research and services help to contribute to sustainable living and reducing carbon footprint which is in tandem with Living and Wellbeing Circle, one of the five National Transformation 2050 (TN50) Circles of the Future.

The 4 major technological focus areas of ETRC are Product Safety & Hazard Assessment, Pollution Abatement, Environment Management and Eco-Materials Technology. Our laboratories are MS ISO 17025 accredited with scopes covering Environmental Monitoring, Workplace Environment and Hazards and Toxicity Testing. Our testing facilities are also certified to OECD GLP for Mutagenicity by National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA) and Environment Toxicity Studies and Studies on Behaviour in Water, Soil and Air by Standards Malaysia. Apart of that, our Ecotoxicological Laboratory and Environmental Assessment Laboratory have also been awarded the BioNexus Partners (BNP) Labs by Bio Economy Malaysia.



 Transforming business through research and innovative technology solutions
Enhance market competitiveness
Ensuring quality of life, safety and sustainability of our environment



Laboratory Analyses and Testing Services
Environmental Research Studies
Contract Research
Technical and Consultancy Services
Training and Technology Transfer
Collaborative Research and Development Work

We help industries and SMEs to meet regulatory needs for Product Registration for both local and export market in compliance to OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) by removing potential non-tariff trade barrier between OECD countries and non-member countries for marketing of chemicals and chemical related products. Hence, companies will be able to export their products globally.

Compliance to registration requirements includes REACH and Occupational Safety and Health Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheet of Hazardous Chemicals Regulations (CLASS 2013) for Industrial chemical, Pesticide Act 1974: Requirements on the active ingredients and formulations for Pesticide Industry, Control of Drugs and Cosmetics (amendment) Regulations 2007 and Sales of Drugs Act 1952 for both Cosmetic and Pharmaceutical Industries.

List of Integrated Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Studies offered for Product Registration:


Health Hazard

  • - Acute Oral Toxicity
  • - Balb/c 3T3 NRU Cytotoxicity
  • - In Vitro Skin Corrosion Test
  • - In Vitro Skin Irritation Test
  • - Skin Sensitization: Local Lymph Node Assay
  • - In Vitro 3T3 NRU Phototoxicity Test
  • - Skin Absorption: In Vitro Method
  • - Bacterial Reverse Mutation Test
  • - In Vitro Mammalian Chromosome Aberration Test

Physical Chemical Properties

  • - pH
  • - Boiling Point
  • - Melting Point
  • - Specific Gravity
  • - Flash Point
  • - Relative Density
  • - Flammability
  • - Vapour Pressure
  • - Solubility
  • - Dissociation Constant
  • - Hydrolysis

Effects on Biotic Systems

  • - Alga, Growth Inhibition Test
  • - Daphnia sp,. Acute Immobilisation Test
  • - Fish, Acute Toxicity Test
  • - Terrestrial Plant Test Acute toxicology

Degradation & Accumulations

  • - Ready Biodegradability
  • - Ultimate Biodegradability
  • - Partition Coefficient POW


Malaysia regulatory authorities have adopted internationally-accepted procedures and guidelines on health and environmental risk assessment. We also provide Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) services in line with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) and the EU’s Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals (REACH). The GHS and REACH emphasize on the availability of information on hazardous or potentially hazardous chemicals. These regulatory requirements aim to protect human health and the environment during the handling, transport and use of these chemicals. With our capabilities, you can evaluate any environmental risks your business may pose, allowing you to meet requirements set by local law or international stakeholders. We also help to develop Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for chemicals and chemical products and provide Training Courses in line with the regulation in Malaysia by Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) under Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheet of Hazardous Chemical (CLASS 2013 Regulation) and GHS.


Pollution Abatement refers to technology applied or measure taken to reduce pollution and/or its impacts on the environment. The latest technologies developed by SIRIM are photocatalytic treatment system for groundwater/wastewater treatment and food waste digester (SimbionteA). SimbionteA stands for "SIRIM Biogas & Alternative Energy" which is an in-house brand name of the "Anaerobic Digestion" (AD) technology being developed by a group of engineers & researchers of SIRIM. Overall the AD SimbionteA system can be used to treat organic wastes from industry, agroindustry and household solid waste (kitchen waste). For food waste from households / food court, it can reduce the amount of organic waste going to the landfill and hence reduce the green-house gas emission.
SIRIM is in the process of expanding its use in Kuala Lumpur, Melaka, Selangor and Lojing, Kelantan by using other raw materials such as crop residues and biodegradable food packaging wastes taken from designated green food serving premises. The latter is part of activities under the Green-Blue Packaging project.
In essence, SIRIM provides various technology options to different set of interested parties in helping to preserve the environment and conduct technology verification for clients requiring third party performance monitoring of their marketed environmental technologies.
Our lab is one of the independent and accredited laboratories meeting the criteria of Department of Environment (DOE). Our team of experts conduct Analysis of Scheduled Waste according to DOE Guidelines, Regulation 7 (1).

Scheduled waste is any wastes that possess hazardous characteristics and have the potential to adversely affect to the public health and environment.  There are 77 types of scheduled wastes listed under First Schedule of Environmental Quality (Scheduled Wastes) Regulations 2005 and the management of wastes shall be in accordance with the provisions of the above Regulations.


List of services provided in the area of Pollution Abatement include:

Pollution Abatement Treatment

  • Environmental Analysis / Testing
  • Biological Odour Treatment
  • Photocatalytic Treatment
  • Anaerobic Digestion
  • Chemical Treatment


Waste Characterisation & Management

  • Industrial Waste / Hazardous
  • Waste Characterisation
  • Recycling / Reuse of Industrial Waste


Environmental Monitoring & Assessment

  • Ambient & Workplace Monitoring
  • Water & Waste Water Sampling

Environmental Technology Verification

  • Performance Evaluation
  • Process Simulation & Verification


Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle from raw material through production, use, end-of-life treatment, recycling & final disposal.

LCA can be applied by any entity towards determining the potential environmental impacts, identifying options for environmental improvement in different stages (eco-design initiatives), informing decision makers (in industry, government, NGOs), identifying (hidden) environmental hotspots and also in marketing of environmental performance of products or services (by ecolabelling as a means of communication). 
Carbon Footprinting (CFP) for a particular product or service could be derived based on the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to support human activities, and is traditionally expressed in equivalent tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Criteria Development for Environmental Labelling and Declaration in which Eco-label exists and utilized by businesses in 3 major forms as stipulated under ISO 14020 series.  There are:
  • Type I - Environmental Labelling involving multiple environmental criteria and verified by third party
  • Type II - Self-Declared Environmental Claims (at the accord of any entity)
  • Type III - Environmental Declaration is an “environmental report” type
By having environmental labelling, businesses can communicate the environmental attributes of their products or services.  The customers (or consumers) on the other hand would have an informed choice of purchasing on the basis of environmental performance of products or services.
Malaysia Life Cycle Inventory Database (MYLCID), which conforms to international life cycle inventory database formats, provides life cycle inventory results (as LCI datasets) for materials, processes and systems. The LCI datasets supports the initiatives and activities towards evaluating products or services environmental performance.  Therefore MYLCID offers Malaysia-specific LCI datasets to enable businesses, research institutions, governmental agencies, universities and more in their environmental management activities such as those involving life cycle assessment, eco-design, environmental declaration and various other environmental approaches.
MYREMap Database (Renewable Energy Resources Map of Malaysia) is the nation’s first web based platform for which compiled the nine major renewable energy resources into an interactive map. It is able to provide information from the perspective of spatial distribution as well as estimation of the amount of resources available at a particular site. MyREmap can be used for desktop studies and produce reports for decision making by offering an affordable service in the form of viewing time and priced according to user’s selection of layer. This product helps to support the growth of green industry, in particular renewable energy utilization for low carbon economy.


Eco-Materials Technology focusses on materials that enhance the environmental improvement throughout the whole life cycle. It encompasses materials in materials and science technology that have significant role to minimise environmental effects, enhances the recyclability of materials, and increasing the materials efficiency. 3 main areas include Green Resource Profile Materials, Resource Efficiency Materials, and Biodegradable Materials.

Green Resource Profile Materials

Materials For Sustainability of Marine Bio-Economy

These are materials of biological safety ability to be used without causing negative effects to the ecological system.   

  •  Artificial Reef
    • - Fish aggregating devices (FADs)
    • - Coral substrates
  •  Submerged breakwater for coastal protection


Sustainable Eco-Building Materials
  • Eco-Concrete for building materials
  • Lightweight Bricks
  • Lightweight wall panel
  • Materials for Landscape and exterior decorations


Resource Efficiency Materials

Resource efficiency materials utilize industrial waste materials in a sustainable manner while minimising impacts on the environment. These include 3 categories of waste materials:

Industrial Waste Materials

  • Utilizing municipal waste
    • - Egg-shell waste applications
  • Recycle waste materials
    • - Polymer waste reusability


Fly-Ash From Agro-Based Waste Materials
  • Palm oil fly ash
  • Sago waste fly ash
  • Rice husk ash waste
 Reusable of Hazardous Waste Materials
Sludge from water treatment plant
Metal-based industry waste by-products


Biodegradable Materials

Biodegradable materials are capable of undergoing biological decomposition in a compost site such that the material is not visually distinguishable and breaks down into carbon dioxide, water, inorganic compounds and biomass at a rate consistent with known compostable materials. Applications of these materials are mainly as packaging materials.


  • Natural Fiber

Utilization of natural fibre, especially agricultural waste fibre needs further development as a long term strategy to develop the tremendous wealth of natural plant fibre that are currently underutilised. Agriculture waste can be obtained from plant such as oil palm, bagasse, corn stalks, coir, bamboo, pineapple, banana as well as rice husk which can be extracted from various parts of the plants (stem, leaf, seed, fruit, stalk and grass/reed). 


  • Bio-polymer Composite
  • Polymers obtained by microbial production, e.g., poly (hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) such as poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(hydroxybutyrate co-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV);
  • Polymers chemically synthesized using monomers obtained from agro-resources, e.g., poly(lactic acid) (PLA);



Significant milestones have been achieved by SIRIM in Eco-Innovation field through the completion of various Eco-Innovation Projects together with our international partners: 

  •   Pilot Application of Eco-Innovation Approach for Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Malaysia’s Chemical Sector with United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • Malaysia SMEs Eco-Innovation Consulting Project with ASEM SME Eco-Innovation Centre (ASEIC) and Eco-Eye Co. Ltd., Korea.



We are currently expanding our expertise in new business area covering consultancy services for the development of Eco Industrial Park (EIP). EIP is an industrial park in which businesses cooperate with each other and with the local community in an attempt to reduce waste and pollution, efficiently share resources (such as information, materials, water, energy, infrastructure, and natural resources), and help achieve sustainable development, with the intention of increasing economic gains and improving environmental quality.



EcoToxicological Laboratory:

  • High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
  • Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrophotometer (GCMS)

Environmental Assessment Laboratory:

  • Liquid Chromatography -ICP-MS (LC ICP-MS)
  • Total Organic Carbon Analyser
  • Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometer (ED-XRF)
  • Micro XRF
  • Handheld XRF
  • Gas Chromatography Mass Selective Detector (GCMSD)
  • Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur Analyser
  • Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP)
  • Ion Chromatography



No. List of Training Section Max
1. Introductory Training on Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheet of Hazardous Chemicals (CLASS 2013) Regulations & Globally Harmonized System (GHS) Product Safety & Hazard Assessment (PSHA) 10 2
2. Introductory Training on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Environment Management (EM) 20 2
3. Introductory Training on Carbon Footprinting (CFP) Environment Management (EM) 20 2



Local Collaborations / Strategic partners:

  • Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation (MOSTI)
  • Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water (KeTTHA)
  • Department of Environment (DOE), Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment
  • Economic Planning Unit (EPU)
  • Solid Waste Corporation (SWCorp)
  • Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers (FMM)


International collaboration / Strategic partners:

  • EU Switch Asia / EU-AsiaProEco (EU)
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • ASEM SME EcoInnovation Centre (ASEIC)
  • The Carbon Trust



  • Identifies the environmental impact of a product or service at each stage of its existence
  • Provides stakeholders with information needed to make eco-conscious buying decisions
  • Helps businesses choose most eco-friendly production processes and green technology
  • Enables companies to adhere to potential market requirements on environmental performance.


CONTACT US now to find out more about our services:

Mrs. Isnazunita Ismail
General Manager
Environmental Technology Research Centre (ETRC)
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tel: 603-5544 6559
Fax: 603-5544 6590


Mr. Stanley Teo
Business Development Department
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tel: 603-5544 6579
Fax: 603-5544 6590